The Southeast Asian bloc is considering stronger measures against the Myanmar military but a range of factors may preserve the unproductive status quo.
In Sagaing Region, local people linked to resistance groups risk death to document the conflict, providing media outlets with a vital – if inevitably partisan – source of information from the ground.
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Activists say security forces and regional governments are cooperating to restrict demonstrations and other political activities, in breach of constitutional provisions guaranteeing the right to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression.
Waterways transport is an important part of life for many residents of Rakhine State, where seagoing vessels are replacing ferries designed to operate on rivers, including one ill-fated boat that sank with the loss of scores of lives.