The woes of war in western Myanmar have been exacerbated by Cyclone Mocha, with already-struggling residents saying they have still received no assistance, and even accusing the military of launching fresh attacks during the storm.
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By selling off Myanmar’s resources rather than developing its infrastructure, the military has starved the country of electricity and made it dependent on its neighbours.
Kayan Lahwi men and women, who have fled conflict in Kayah State to Thailand for over 30 years, live stateless in villages as reluctant tourist attractions frozen in time because of their distinctive appearance.
The military’s bombing of a concert near the jade mining hub of Hpakant has sowed widespread fear but also made the Kachin people more determined to liberate their homeland and achieve self-determination.
An absence of policing, increased narcotics production, widespread trauma among youths and Myanmar's economic collapse have created a perfect storm for rampant drugs trade and use.
While most jade harvested in Myanmar has always been illegally smuggled into China, industry sources say heavy-handed junta policies and political turmoil is further depressing the domestic trade.
Across Sagaing Region, revolutionaries risk life and limb to fashion salvaged metal into weapons they hope will turn the tide in the war against the military.
Myanmar military air strikes on a concert held by the Kachin Independence Army killed around 50 people and wounded 70, including civilians, the group said on Monday.
Bribes, lawlessness and growing poverty have fuelled a surge in illegal gambling, driving some punters to ruin and despair and sparking local crime waves.