An escalation in fighting between the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army and the Tatmadaw near the town of Mong Ko on the China border has emptied villages, while inflaming longstanding tensions over who controls the area.
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In common with popular destinations around the world, Bagan has been hit hard by the economic effects of the pandemic and many there who rely on tourists for a living have had to adapt to survive.
Conservationists have warned a sudden change in Myanmar's law allowing the commercial farming of tigers, pangolins and other endangered species risks further fuelling demand in China for rare wildlife products.
As the resumed Kachin war enters its tenth year, people who have lost their homes to the conflict speak to Frontier of loss and their determination to overcome hardship.
Critics say new campaign rules favour the NLD by allowing government officials to campaign, but confusion over the constitution enabled the USDP to do the same in 2015.