An escalation in fighting between the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army and the Tatmadaw near the town of Mong Ko on the China border has emptied villages, while inflaming longstanding tensions over who controls the area.
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Worries for residents near the landfill, which was the scene of a huge, weeks-long fire in April and May, include pollution and compensation for their land.
A recent investment forum was dominated by Asian businesses but official figures for 2017-18 suggest growing diversity in sources of investment and targeted sectors, with real estate, agriculture and services all on the rise.