An escalation in fighting between the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army and the Tatmadaw near the town of Mong Ko on the China border has emptied villages, while inflaming longstanding tensions over who controls the area.
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Women and children comprise more than half of the 100,000 people displaced by conflict in Kachin and northern Shan states who endure a precarious existence in camps where many have been living since 2011.
Senior General Min Aung Hlaing hailed China’s support for Myanmar over the Rakhine State crisis when he met President Xi Jinping in Beijing last week.