The military regime’s snap closure of the border with Thailand reflects its poor handling of the COVID-19 response, migrant rights groups say, but the Thai government and employers are also making life difficult for workers.
As tensions peaked between Karen and Bamar in early 1949, Burmese irregular forces committed a series of mass killings on the outskirts of the then-capital that have never been officially acknowledged.
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The Yangon Region government made resolving the squatter problem a priority but low-cost housing projects are scarce and remain too expensive for many.
The outflow of Muslims from Rakhine State has slowed in recent days – but with more than 430,000 having crossed the border in less than a month humanitarian actors are struggling to catch up, with shelter, food and healthcare resources in short supply.