The woes of war in western Myanmar have been exacerbated by Cyclone Mocha, with already-struggling residents saying they have still received no assistance, and even accusing the military of launching fresh attacks during the storm.
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At a makeshift camp, displaced people hack away at the red earth to build bunkers before the next junta shelling or air raid.
Conflict and poverty in the countryside is driving people into cities, where competition for too few jobs and the junta’s crackdown on labour groups is exposing many to ruthless exploitation.
Thousands fled Myanmar after the coup to India’s northeastern border state, where the local authorities and communities have offered protection and help despite a lack of central government support, but the response is under increasing strain.
With the breakdown of rule of law in Myanmar’s Dry Zone, resistance groups are taking drug enforcement into their own hands, but with limited resources and expertise, rehabilitation efforts often involve flogging and prison cells.
While students led previous uprisings against military rule, they have joined the ranks of today’s resistance war in a more supporting role, as members of an array of ideologically diverse groups – including a resurgent communist army.
A heated debate over whether to one day punish civil servants working for the military regime has engulfed the Civil Disobedience Movement, raising important questions about justice and reconciliation.
Vast blooms of jellyfish are appearing off Myanmar’s southern coast for the first time in six years, delighting hard-pressed fishing communities exporting to Thailand, but soaring costs and unfair trade terms sting.