The leader of a Tatmadaw-controlled Border Guard Force in a remote region of Kachin State has emerged as a key player in the global rare earth trade, and has turned the territory under his de facto control into a mining hub at a high environmental cost.
New restrictions on the sale and distribution of oxygen to the public have made it harder to treat COVID-19 patients at home and social welfare groups have warned the rules could result in more preventable deaths.
Life is hard for freelance miners in Hpakant, where the precious gem coveted in China generates billions of dollars in blackmarket revenue from which neither the people of Kachin State nor the government receive little benefit.
The Myanmar Police Force is under the Ministry of Home Affairs, one of three ministries controlled by the military. What are the dreams and aspirations of the men and women who help to maintain law and order?
The Kayin State Border Guard Force has come under intense pressure from the Tatmadaw over its extensive, controversial business interests and there’s concern the ultimatum could trigger fresh hostilities in one of the country’s most war-torn areas.