Some pro-democracy activists who fled to territory controlled by the Karen National Union for training to fight the junta say they became victims of forcible recruitment, while others are upset at the NUG for failing to provide them with weapons.
Sagaing Region residents equipped with single-shot traditional rifles known as “tumi guns” – and in some cases more modern weaponry – are resisting security forces’ attempts to crush anti-coup protests.
For two weeks, security forces waged a bloody war on South Dagon Township, where martial law and an uneasy standstill prevails. Frontier spoke to residents who have risked everything to resist military rule.
The Kayin State Border Guard Force has come under intense pressure from the Tatmadaw over its extensive, controversial business interests and there’s concern the ultimatum could trigger fresh hostilities in one of the country’s most war-torn areas.