Ethnic armed groups in Shan State have long used intimidation to recruit fighters, but the brutal tactics of the Shan State Progress Party are terrorizing villagers and prompting some to flee their homes.
The UNHCR is appealing for more than $1 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of the Muslim refugees, 860,000 of whom still languish in Bangladeshi camps now threatened by internal violence and the coronavirus pandemic.
Seven years after Buddhist mobs burned down mosques and slaughtered dozens of children at an Islamic school, hundreds of Muslims remain displaced and they say the NLD government has done little to help heal or rebuild since.
Most residents in the country’s fifth-largest city continue to rely on poor-quality water sources in the absence of a reliable government distribution system, but work is already underway on a major upgrade with international support.
The Kayin State Border Guard Force has come under intense pressure from the Tatmadaw over its extensive, controversial business interests and there’s concern the ultimatum could trigger fresh hostilities in one of the country’s most war-torn areas.