Ethnic armed groups in Shan State have long used intimidation to recruit fighters, but the brutal tactics of the Shan State Progress Party are terrorizing villagers and prompting some to flee their homes.
A University of Oslo sociologist called the Civil Disobedience Movement an exemplary response to the military's power grab that could "inspire other non-violent pro-democracy movements elsewhere at a time when democracy is under pressure from authoritarian forces".
Growing international condemnation, including new sanctions on the two largest military conglomerates in Myanmar, have done little to quell the regime's deadly crackdown on a shape-shifting pro-democracy movement.
Frustrated by the disruptive success of the Civil Disobedience Movement, the military regime has resorted to legal threats and forced evictions in an attempt to coerce striking civil servants back to work – but it doesn’t seem to be working.
The Kayin State Border Guard Force has come under intense pressure from the Tatmadaw over its extensive, controversial business interests and there’s concern the ultimatum could trigger fresh hostilities in one of the country’s most war-torn areas.