Anti-coup protesters march in northern Yangon's Insein Township on May 1. (AFP)
Anti-coup protesters march in northern Yangon's Insein Township on May 1. (AFP)

Bomb blasts, flash protests as Myanmar enters fourth month of military rule

No one has yet claimed responsibility for the explosions in Yangon and other cites, which state media has blamed on “instigators”, while armed conflict escalates in border areas.

By AFP

Explosions rocked Yangon on Saturday as protesters held flash marches for democracy, defying a junta that has brutally held onto power for three months. 

The military’s power grab on February 1 triggered a massive uprising which security forces have tried to quell with lethal force and live ammunition.

As Myanmar entered its fourth month under military rule on Saturday, protesters in commercial hub Yangon staged flash demonstrations, marching rapidly through the streets to avoid confrontation with police and soldiers. 

The lightning-quick pace of the protests is “so that people will have time to disappear when the security forces come, or else they would die or get arrested”, said student activist Min Han Htet.

In Yangon’s Insein Township, a bomb blast went off around 10 am near a local school, said a resident staying nearby.

“Some security forces came to check the blast area, but I only watched from a distance from my home because I was worried they would arrest me,” he told AFP. 

By afternoon, two more blasts went off in Yankin Township, further south, according to local residents.

“I thought it was thunder,” a resident told AFP, adding that the explosions left the security forces nervous.

The state-run evening news said a woman was wounded in the Yankin blasts, which it blamed on “instigators”.

No one has yet claimed responsibility for the bombings that are taking place with increasing frequency in Yangon.

‘They made people live in fear’

The former capital has utterly transformed since the junta seized power, with barricades erected in key protest hotspots, security forces on patrol, and residents reporting nighttime arrests of suspected dissidents. 

“They [the junta] have made people live in fear and it is good to have them on edge as well,” the Yankin resident said.

He also praised the flash protesters for their ingenuity in evading arrest and crackdowns. 

“Any show of defiance without getting captured or killed is great for the resistance.”

Across the country, nearly 760 civilians have been killed in the anti-coup unrest, according to monitoring group the Assistance Association for Politics Prisoners, though the junta has recorded a far lower death toll. 

But the democracy movement remains undeterred, with demonstrators gathering Saturday in the Sagaing Region capital Monywa – a flashpoint for violence – carrying signs that said “Monywa cannot be ruled”. 

In Tanintharyi Region capital Dawei, protesters waved the signature red flags of the National League for Democracy and carried signs that said “We want democracy”. 

Wanted posters of junta leader Senior General Min Aung Hlaing were also pasted around town, calling him a “power addict”. 

He has continuously justified the putsch as necessary to protect democracy, alleging fraud in November’s election which the NLD won in a landslide. 

A wanted poster in the southern city of Dawei on May 1 offers the comically small sum of 50 pyar for the capture of junta chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. (Dawei Watch / AFP)
A wanted poster in the southern city of Dawei on May 1 offers the comically small sum of 50 pyar for the capture of junta chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. (Dawei Watch / AFP)

New refugees

Outside of crackdowns by security forces in the major cities, conflict between the military and ethnic armed groups is escalating in borderland areas.

Several ethnic armed groups, such as the Karen National Union, have condemned the military and come out in support of the anti-junta movement, offering shelter to fleeing activists in the territory they control.

The KNU has seized and razed military posts and the junta has responded with repeated air strikes in Karen areas in northern Kayin State – the latest taking place right after midnight Saturday. 

The targeted area is right next to Thailand’s northern Mae Hong Son province, and displaced residents have fled across the Thalwin (Salween) River, which demarcates the border.

“Myanmar soldiers used a fighter aircraft to launch an air strike operation, firing two rockets and artilleries” around 12:48 am, said a statement released by Mae Hong Son’s governor Sithichai Jindaluang. 

He added that more than 2,300 Myanmar nationals have crossed into Thailand. 

Media and local Karen aid groups were blocked access to the refugees, with authorities citing the spread of Covid-19 as a reason – stopping to check the temperatures of locals returning home.

Violence has also flared in Kachin State between the Kachin Independence Army and the military, which launched air strikes in Momauk Township on Friday. 

Saturday saw fresh artillery shelling hit two small towns, according to a humanitarian worker, who said residents were fearful about the fighting getting closer. 

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