A girl pushes a wheelbarrow with a bag of rice from the World Food Programme in a poor neighbourhood on the outskirts of Yangon on May 21. (AFP)
A girl pushes a wheelbarrow with a bag of rice from the World Food Programme in a poor neighbourhood on the outskirts of Yangon on May 21. (AFP)

Millions in Myanmar struggle to buy food as coup price hike bites

By AFP

Daw Aye Mar sits with her seven children in their Yangon kitchen and worries whether their meal of rice and stringy vegetables – all she can afford in coup-stricken Myanmar – will satisfy their hunger.

The national economy and banking system have been paralysed since a military power-grab which pushed the elected National League for Democracy government out of office in February.

Livelihoods have been lost after strikes and factory closures, fuel prices have shot up and those lucky enough to have bank savings face day-long queues to withdraw their cash.

Venturing out in public to earn a living has also become a safety hazard against the backdrop of an indiscriminate and brutal crackdown on dissent that has killed more than 800 civilians, according to local monitoring group the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners.

In a country which in normal times exports rice, beans and fruit, millions will go hungry in the coming months, the World Food Programme has warned. 

“We have to feed our children so they don’t starve,” Aye Mar says, sitting barefoot in the commercial capital, a baby swinging in a hammock overhead. 

The 33-year-old is out of work, along with her husband who has been forced to take any odd job on offer – including digging septic tanks. 

Food vendor Daw Wah Wah, 37, says price increases since the coup mean customers can no longer afford something as modest as a bowl of dried fish.

“I can’t sell it because customers cannot afford to buy it… even if I sell it at 500 kyats [US$0.33] per bowl,” she told AFP. 

“Everyone has to spend money carefully to be safe because no one has jobs. We live with fear because we don’t know what will happen.”

Poor residents of a Yangon suburb receive bags of rice from the World Food Programme on May 21. (AFP)
Poor residents of a Yangon suburb receive bags of rice from the World Food Programme on May 21. (AFP)

‘We are in trouble’

Father-of-three Ko Win Naing Tun, 26, said those who could previously afford to eat pork regularly have been forced to turn to fish paste and vegetables.

And those who survived on that limited diet before “now can only afford to eat white rice with salt,” he told AFP.

Price hikes have hit remote areas particularly hard – near the Chinese border in Kachin State, rice is almost 50 percent more expensive, according to the WFP.

The cost of transporting produce from farms to cities has also jumped after an estimated 30pc fuel price hike since the coup.

The WFP estimates that within the next six months, as many as 3.4 million more people will go hungry in Myanmar and it is poised to triple its emergency food assistance.

A grassroots community food donation programme is proving to be in high demand in Yangon, Myanmar’s commercial capital.

“They are happy when we donate food. Some even cry,” volunteer Ma May, not her real name, told AFP.

Daw Ni Aye, 51, said she and her husband now have no income at all and depend on handouts for the food they eat. 

“We are in trouble… If these conditions continue we will starve,” she told AFP.

U Aung Kyaw Moe, 47, is considering returning to his home village after the Yangon factory he worked in shut down.

He told AFP he had no money saved up and was in despair over how to support his family of nine, who are squatting illegally with him in the commercial capital.

“Everything is outside our control,” he told AFP.

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