'Systematic' Myanmar abuses fuelling ARSA insurgency, says UN


GENEVA — The UN rights chief on Tuesday said decades of “systematic” abuses against the Rohingya community were largely to blame for spiralling violence in Rakhine State, insisting authorities could have prevented the bloodshed.

Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein expressed alarm at the upsurge in fighting in Rakhine, which has been raging since Friday when the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army staged coordinated ambushes against Myanmar’s security forces.

More than 100 people, including around 80 militants, have been confirmed killed in the fightback, which has seen at least 8,700 Rohingya villagers fleeing for Bangladesh.

“I utterly condemn the violent attacks on security personnel, which have led to the loss of many lives and the displacement of thousands of people,” Zeid said in a statement.

Support more independent journalism like this. Sign up to be a Frontier member.

But the rights chief stressed that the turn of events was not only “deplorable. It was predicted and could have been prevented.”

“Decades of persistent and systematic human rights violations, including the very violent security responses to the attacks since October 2016, have almost certainly contributed to the nurturing of violent extremism, with everyone ultimately losing,” Zeid said.

The Rohingya have in the past largely eschewed violence, but that changed last October when a nascent Rohingya militant group launched surprise attacks on border posts.

Myanmar’s military reacted with a violent “clearance operation”, which the UN has warned could amount to ethnic cleansing.

The militants struck again on Friday, attacking around 30 police posts in pre-dawn raids, and killing at least a dozen security force members using knives, homemade explosives and guns.  

Zeid on Tuesday called for those who attacked security forces and civilians to be brought to justice, and urged all sides to stop fuelling the violence.

Myanmar’s political leadership should “condemn the inflammatory rhetoric and incitement to hatred that is proliferating, including on social media,” he said.

Zeid voiced particular concern at “irresponsible” claims made by State Counsellor’s office that international aid workers were complicit in or supporting the attacks.

“I am extremely concerned that the unsupported allegations against international aid organisations place their staff in danger and may make it impossible for them to deliver essential aid,” Zeid said.

More stories

Latest Issue

Stories in this issue
Myanmar enters 2021 with more friends than foes
The early delivery of vaccines is one of the many boons of the country’s geopolitics, but to really take advantage, Myanmar must bury the legacy of its isolationist past.
Will the Kayin BGF go quietly?
The Kayin State Border Guard Force has come under intense pressure from the Tatmadaw over its extensive, controversial business interests and there’s concern the ultimatum could trigger fresh hostilities in one of the country’s most war-torn areas.

Support our independent journalism and get exclusive behind-the-scenes content and analysis

Stay on top of Myanmar current affairs with our Daily Briefing and Media Monitor newsletters.

Sign up for our Frontier Fridays newsletter. It’s a free weekly round-up featuring the most important events shaping Myanmar