An unexploded ammunition lies on a field in Rakhine State's Rathedaung Township in February 2019, after a fresh round of fighting between the Myanmar military and the Arakan Army, which on Monday confirmed it had abducted three candidates from the ruling National League for Democracy in the south of the state, weeks before the November election. (AFP)

Rakhine armed group admits Myanmar election abductions

An armed group in Myanmar’s troubled Rakhine state confirmed Monday it had taken three election candidates of Aung San Suu Kyi’s ruling party prisoner ahead of a November election already marred by mass disenfranchisement.

Militant group the Arakan Army has for nearly two years been locked in battle against the military, fighting for more autonomy for the state’s ethnic Rakhine population.

Both sides stand accused of rights abuses, with hundreds killed or injured and some 200,000 forced to flee their homes in an area under a strict lockdown that makes independent reporting practically impossible.

With the election three weeks away, gunmen descended Wednesday on a campaign event for Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy in Taunggok township in southern Rakhine, an area relatively unscathed by the violence.

Eyewitness and NLD supporter Thant Zin Phyo told AFP how he and around 10 other men and women had been beaten and called “traitors”, before the gunmen left with candidates Min Aung, Ni Ni May Myint and Chit Chit Chaw.

After five days, the AA Monday posted a photo online of the trio next to NLD paraphernalia, confirming it had been behind the abduction and accusing the NLD of “collaborating and covering up war crimes committed by the Myanmar Army”.

The group added the prisoners would be released if the government freed all innocent people “arrested and detained unlawfully for demanding peace”. 

NLD spokesman Myo Nyunt told AFP the party was “deeply worried” about its missing comrades.

“We denounce and reject any act that can harm the free and fair election,” he added.

Party and flag

Suu Kyi’s party is widely expected to be returned to power in the national polls – only the second since the nation emerged from outright military rule.

But there are huge questions about the vote’s credibility, particularly in Rakhine.

Virtually all Rohingya Muslims are disenfranchised, either languishing in refugee camps in Bangladesh or stripped of citizenship and rights in Myanmar.

On Friday, the election commission also announced that security concerns meant the vote would be cancelled across swathes of the country, including most of Rakhine.

Many in the state have long felt marginalised by the ethnic majority Bamar, fuelling support for the AA’s insurgency.

Observers say the latest disenfranchisement is largely in ethnic Rakhine strongholds, thereby tilting the state’s vote in favour of Suu Kyi’s NLD – and raising fears of more conflict and political violence.

“I think there could be a serious military response in Rakhine State,” predicted Yangon-based analyst Mg Mg Soe, adding election candidates might now be too afraid to campaign.

But NLD stalwart Thant Zin Phyo told AFP the kidnappers would not frighten him into submission.

“Pointing a gun at us will not change our support for the party and flag.”

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