This screengrab from a UN video uploaded to YouTube shows The United Nations Special Rapporteur Thomas Andrews speaking about Tatmadaw violence in Rakhine State in September 2020. (YouTube)
This screengrab from a UN video uploaded to YouTube shows UN Special Rapporteur Thomas Andrews speaking about Tatmadaw violence in Rakhine State in September 2020. (YouTube)

Myanmar military likely behind ‘crimes against humanity’, says UN expert

Special rapporteur Thomas Andrews said Myanmar is now being “controlled by a murderous, illegal regime”, and that it urgently needs “the help of the international community, now.”


The Tatmadaw is likely committing “crimes against humanity”, the United Nations special rapporteur on Myanmar said Thursday, adding that at least 70 people had reportedly been “murdered” since the February 1 coup.

Mr Thomas Andrews told the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva that Myanmar was currently being “controlled by a murderous, illegal regime”.

“There is growing evidence that [the] Myanmar military, led by the same senior leadership, is now likely engaging in crimes against humanity, including acts of murder, enforced disappearance, persecution, torture.”

While stressing that such offences can only be determined in a court of law, he said there was clear evidence that the junta’s crimes were “widespread”, “systematic” and part of a “coordinated campaign”.

He also said they were being carried out with “the knowledge of senior leadership”, including military leader Min Aung Hlaing.

The United Nations Special Rapporteur was presenting his latest report on the situation to the council, but lamented that since its publishing last week, the numbers of people killed and detained by the military had swelled significantly.

Diplomatic pressure has been building since the generals seized power, triggering daily protests around the country that they have struggled to quell.

The military has defended its takeover by citing voting irregularities in the November elections won by ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s party.

Since seizing control, “Myanmar security forces have murdered at least 70 people”, most of them under the age of 25, Andrews said, pointing to credible reports.

His comments came as nine protesters were shot dead in Myanmar on Thursday.

And as of Wednesday evening, the military administration had arbitrarily arrested and detained more than 2,000 people, he said, while “the violence against protesters, including violence against people sitting peacefully in their homes, is steadily increasing”.

International action needed

Andrews said he had documented how the administration had “systematically destroyed legal protections, from freedom of expression, assembly and association, to the right to privacy”.

“Since the coup, the Myanmar military has attacked and forcibly displaced several thousand members of ethnic nationalities from their homes”, he said.

Andrews said that in light of evidence that “the Myanmar junta is engaged in atrocity crimes against its own people right now”, urgent action was needed.

He said the Security Council’s statement Wednesday expressing deep concern about the situation was “wholly insufficient”.

“The people of Myanmar need not only words of support but supportive action,” he insisted.

“They need the help of the international community, now.”

More stories

Latest Issue

Stories in this issue
Myanmar enters 2021 with more friends than foes
The early delivery of vaccines is one of the many boons of the country’s geopolitics, but to really take advantage, Myanmar must bury the legacy of its isolationist past.
Will the Kayin BGF go quietly?
The Kayin State Border Guard Force has come under intense pressure from the Tatmadaw over its extensive, controversial business interests and there’s concern the ultimatum could trigger fresh hostilities in one of the country’s most war-torn areas.

Support our independent journalism and get exclusive behind-the-scenes content and analysis

Stay on top of Myanmar current affairs with our Daily Briefing and Media Monitor newsletters.

Sign up for our Frontier Fridays newsletter. It’s a free weekly round-up featuring the most important events shaping Myanmar