Taken on March 12, 2021, protesters hold up the three finger salute and placards with the image of Aung San Suu Kyi while using their mobile torches during a demonstration against the military coup in Yangon. (AFP)

Myanmar coup: six months of turmoil


Myanmar’s military seized power on February 1, ousting the civilian government and arresting its leaders.

More than 900 people have since been killed and thousands of others arrested after the violent suppression of mass protests against junta rule.

Here is a look back at the six months since the military brought Myanmar’s nascent democracy to a sudden end:

– Dawn raids –

Soldiers detain elected leaders during pre-dawn raids on February 1, in a coup that ends Myanmar’s decade-long experiment with democracy that followed half a century of military rule.

The generals claim fraud in the previous November’s elections, which the National League for Democracy party won by a landslide.

But their actions spark global condemnation, from Pope Francis to US President Joe Biden.

– Internet blocked –

Resistance to the coup begins with people banging pots and pans — a practice traditionally associated with driving out evil spirits. 

The junta tries to block social media platforms including Facebook, which is hugely popular in Myanmar. Nightly internet blackouts are later imposed.

– Bold defiance –

Popular dissent surges over the weekend of February 6 and 7, with huge crowds gathering on the streets calling for the release of arrested leaders.

In the following weeks these protests swell to hundreds of thousands of people in cities and villages around the country.

Workers begin a nationwide strike on February 8.

19-year-old Ma Mya Thwe Thwe Khine is shot in the head after police fire on crowds in Naypyidaw the next day.

– International sanctions –

The US soon announces sanctions against several military officials, including junta chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.

More sanctions follow from Britain and the European Union.

– Growing crackdown –

Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, shot 10 days earlier, dies on February 19 after becoming a national symbol of opposition to the junta.

Violent crackdowns on street protests escalate and by March 11, Amnesty International says it has documented atrocities by the junta including the use of battlefield weapons on unarmed protesters.

A day later a UN rights expert on Myanmar accuses the military of crimes against humanity.

– Deadliest day –

More than 100 civilians are killed in protest crackdowns on March 27 during Armed Forces Day, the military’s annual show of strength. It marks the deadliest single day since the coup.

The next month, ousted civilian lawmakers forced into hiding announce the formation of a shadow “National Unity Government”.

– Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s trial begins –

More than four months after she was detained, Aung San Suu Kyi goes on trial in a junta court.

She faces an eclectic mix of charges, including illegally importing walkie talkies and flouting coronavirus restrictions during elections in 2020.

– American journalist detained –

Mr Danny Fenster, an editor at local outlet Frontier Myanmar, is detained at Yangon’s airport as he attempts to leave the country on May 24.

He appears in court on June 17 and is charged under a law that criminalises dissent against the military.

Fellow US citizen and journalist Ko Nathan Maung is released by the junta after months in detention, later telling AFP that he was beaten and denied food and water during interrogation.

– Covid wave –

Coronavirus infections surge across Myanmar from late June, with many pro-democracy medical staff on strike and the public avoiding military-run hospitals.

People defy military curfews to queue for oxygen cylinders for their loved ones and volunteers take up the grim task of bringing out the dead for cremation.

– Economic catastrophe –

The World Bank forecasts on July 26 that Myanmar’s economy will contract by 18 percent this year as a result of the coup and the coronavirus outbreak, with the poverty rate to double from 2019 levels by next year.

– 2020 election results cancelled –

In late July the junta cancels the results of 2020 polls, claiming more than 11 million instances of voter fraud.

It makes no mention of holding a fresh vote.

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