By NINA LARSON | AFP
The UN rights chief said on Friday that Myanmar had plunged into a “human rights catastrophe” since the February 1 coup, with violence escalating across the country.
Pointing to reported military build-up in several regions of the country, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Ms Michelle Bachelet called for a halt to the already spiralling violence to avert even greater loss of life and a deepening humanitarian emergency.
“In just over four months, Myanmar has gone from being a fragile democracy to a human rights catastrophe,” she said in a statement, adding that the military leadership was “singularly responsible” for the crisis.
The country has been in turmoil since the generals ousted the elected civilian government on February 1.
The UN rights office pointed on Friday to credible reports showing that at least 860 civilians had been killed in a brutal crackdown by security forces on near-daily protests against the coup.
Fighting has flared in several communities – especially in townships that have seen a high death toll at the hands of police – and some locals have formed “defence forces”.
Bachelet pointed to intensifying violence in many parts of Myanmar, including Kayah, Chin and Kachin states, “with the violence particularly intense in areas with significant ethnic and religious minority groups”.
“State security forces have continued to use heavy weaponry, including air strikes, against armed groups and against civilians and civilian objects, including Christian churches,” she said.
“There appear to be no efforts towards de-escalation but rather a build-up of troops in key areas,” she lamented.
The UN rights chief pointed to “credible reports” that security forces have used civilians as human shields, shelled civilian homes and churches, and blocked humanitarian access, including by attacking aid workers.
“More than 108,000 people have fled their homes in Kayah State over the last three weeks alone,” she said, pointing out that many had fled into the forest areas “with little or no food, water, sanitation or medical care”.
“These are people in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.”
Bachelet stressed that the military behind the coup, also known as Tatmadaw, “have a duty to protect civilians”.
The international community, she added, needed to urgently “unify in its demand that the Tatmadaw cease the outrageous use of heavy artillery against civilians and civilian objects and respect the principle of distinction.”
She also called for the people’s defence forces and other armed groups to “take all feasible measures to protect civilians”.
Bachelet slammed the sweeping arrests in the country of activists, journalists and opponents of the regime, citing credible sources saying at least 4,804 people remain in arbitrary detention.
She voiced alarm at reports of detainees being tortured, and of collective punishment meted out to family members of activists.
“Rather than seeking dialogue, the military is branding its opponents as ‘terrorists’ and pursuing politically-motivated charges against the democratic leadership,” she said.
“The military leadership is singularly responsible for this crisis, and must be held to account.”